Embracing new puppies and welcoming them in this amazing world is very rewarding, but dog pregnancy can be confusing and stressful, and time-consuming and expensive.
There are many details you need to know before considering breeding a puppy. You should be familiar with the general and independent health screening recommendations, as well as the responsibilities you will have in raising healthy puppies. You will also need to know the signs of pregnancy in dogs and how to take care of your pregnant bitch.
Dog Pregnancy Duration
Dogs are pregnant for about 62-64 days, or about two months, predicting delivery time can be difficult because the date of birth does not always coincide with the day of pregnancy. Pregnancy lengths can also vary depending on the type and size of the litter.
In the first month of pregnancy, the fertilized eggs go into the uterus, where they lay in line for about 15-18 days. Fetal growth accelerates during premature pregnancy, and this swelling doubles in size every 7 days.
By the end of the first month, the veterinarian can detect the baby’s heartbeat, and the growth spurt increases rapidly until the second month as the embryos develop into visible puppies. By the end of the second month and the beginning of the third month, the puppies are ready to be born.
Dogs do not have the option to take a pregnancy test at a pharmacy, which means we have to rely on other methods to find out if the dog is pregnant. The most accurate way to tell if a dog is pregnant is to have a diagnostic test.
If you know the date on which your dog was born, your veterinarian can make the first abdominal cramp at about 28-30 days. At this stage in pregnancy, puppies feel like small golf balls or grapes depending on the size of the dog. These “balls” are fluid-filled sacs around the embryo. Abortion should not be tried without the help of a veterinarian, as it can damage the kids. The bags lose their unique texture after one month, so the timing of this test is important.
Alternatively, your veterinarian can perform an ultrasound between 25 and 35 days of pregnancy. Ultrasound usually detects a baby’s heartbeat, giving you an estimate of the number of puppies the bitch holds. Puppies’ heartbeats are 2 to 3 times faster than those of a mother.
About 25 to 30 days of pregnancy, your veterinarian can do a blood test to measure the dog’s hormone levels to see if you are producing the hormone relaxin. Relaxin is only produced during pregnancy, which makes the test more accurate.
X-ray is one of the most effective ways to find out if a bitch is pregnant. However, this is best done in 55 days or more, as puppy systems are not visible on x-ray until then. An x-ray at this time allows you to get an accurate number of puppies, which will prepare you to know when your dog has finished delivering.
Diagnosis is not the only way to find out if a dog is pregnant, even if it is very accurate. There are signs of dog pregnancy that you can look for, including:
- Appetite increase
- Weight gain
- Enlarged size of the nipple
- Swollen stomach
- Tires easily
- Nesting Behavior
- Anger issues
In addition, some dogs may vomit and lose food for a few days in the first few weeks because of changes in hormones. “Some dogs will show this moan, but they may be pregnant which is not true,” said Drs. Klein. “There are other conditions that can cause changes in diet, obesity, and stomach upset. To prevent a serious condition, take your dog to a veterinarian for a checkup. ”
How to take care of a Pregnant Dog?
Once you have found out that your dog is pregnant, there are some steps you must take to ensure that it stays healthy during its pregnancy.
One of the most important things you can do for your pregnant bitch is make sure you get the right nutrition. If your dog is already a healthy dog food and healthy weight, you will not need to make any changes to his diet during the first two thirds of his pregnancy unless directed otherwise by your veterinarian. In fact, increasing the amount of food in this category can be dangerous.
As her weight increased in the last weeks of her pregnancy, veterinarians recommended that she increase her diet gradually, until she ate 35 to 50 percent more than usual. Raise her diet slowly and feed her small, regular meals, as large meals can cause discomfort.
If you are trying to give birth to your dog, some veterinarians believe that limiting strenuous exercise during the first two weeks of pregnancy will improve fetal implantation. After that, regular exercise is fine until your dog’s abdomen is enlarged. During its last third season, good exercise for your dog should not be too difficult. Short and frequent trips will be very helpful for the mother as she needs her strength to carry the kids and give them nutritious food.
Before giving birth to your dog, take it to a veterinarian for a prenatal checkup. They must be on time for vaccination terms. Your veterinarian will probably recommend a fecal test to check for intestinal parasites or simply give your dog an abortion with the right medication for your dog before mating.
It is now thought that removing a worm from a pregnant dam with a proper de-wormer (Fenbendazole) from the third trimester (about 40 days of pregnancy) and continuing for less than 14 days after weight loss significantly reduces the number of roundworms and hookworms in the baby newborn puppies, allowing them to grow and prosper to the best of their ability.