Pekingese or Pekinese are hairy toy dogs who are often mistaken for Shih Tzu. They originated in China. Pekingese are royal dogs in ancient china, and only members of the royal family could pet them. At a glance, the Pekingese pride gives an impression that it is aware it is a dog of royal ancestry. Pekingese have an aloof personality and a dignified walk. They may be tiny but are fantastic watchdogs. Their bark comes as a surprise for people and unexpectedly loud for their size.
Pekingese make good companions. They can be kept in the company of other dogs or even kids. Pekingese are stubborn, so they require a little extra effort while training. While training a Pekingese, do not hold back your creativity and patience because these tiny dogs can be rebellious for learning new things.
Pekingese are very devoted and loyal to their family. They must be socialized from a young age to make them accept other people. Otherwise, it can cause problems later. They are not nuisance chewers or diggers. If you find them doing something like this, they are probably just playing or blowing off some steam.
The Pekingese are easy-going dogs. They don’t ask for much to stay healthy. A small amount of food and treats and short walks will suffice for them. Pekingese are active, but they won’t wear you out with long walks or play sessions. They thrive on attention. Pekingese need companionship and attention to stay happy. They might bark unnecessarily to seek their owner’s attention.
The breed, as we all know, originated in China. Only the members of the Chinese Imperial Palace kept them. In 1860, when British and French troops occupied the old summer palace in Beijing, they found five Pekingese there along with an elderly aunt who committed suicide. Lord John Hay gifted two of those Pekingese, namely Schloff and Hytien, to his sister and wife of Henry Wellesley, Duke of Wellington. Similarly, two of them were given to the Duke of Richmond, and Lieutenant Dunne gave the last Pekingese to Queen Victoria, who named it Looty.
After a century, Pekingese dogs became popular in Western countries. They were owned by popular figures such as- Alexandra of Denmark, Elsie de Wolfe, Rumer Godden (who wrote in her autobiography that Pekingese are not dogs but something more)
A dog diet depends on numerous factors. There is no one scale to determine what and how much a dog should eat. Diet should depend on the size of the breed, build of the dog, metabolism, and how active a dog is. Each dog has different needs alike humans, and their diet should not be measure by a universal scale. The quality of the food is one of the determining factors for the diet and health of the dog. Healthier food will go a long way in nourishing your dog than junk food or treats.
Pekingese are muscular dogs. Despite their small size, they feel heavy when lifted because of muscle weight. It doesn’t mean that they can be fat. Fat is the enemy of this breed. If you keep overlooking the small signs of weight increase or unhealthy food, before you know it, your Pekingese will become obese.
To keep a Pekingese in good shape, don’t indulge in free feeding. Pekingese have to be fed twice a day in a small amount, generally half a cup of food for each meal. Give your peke a hand-on test and an eye test to assess the weight status at home. For a hands-on test- place your hands on its back with fingers embracing the body; you should be able to feel the ribs without pressing hard but not see his ribs.
The Pekingese needs extensive care for their coat by grooming them regularly. Their fur is long, coarse, and straight. Pekingese are also called lion dogs due to their lion-like appearance. They have a visible mane on the neck and shoulders, meaning the coat on the neck and shoulder is longer than the rest of the body.
The Pekingese come in a variety of coat colors. They may have markings too, including black and tan, fawn or red brindle, and parti-color, which is white with another color. Some have a black mask. Solid white Pekingese are sold at a higher price by the Chinese and are still popular today. The exposed skin of the muzzle, nose, lips, and eye rims is black, despite the coat color.
If you want to participate in dog shows with your Pekingese, the grooming is a heavy task. You must keep your peke maintained, trimmed, and groomed all the time. But if you want to keep your Pekingese as a house dog, the grooming is just bathing, brushing, and trimming.
Brushing: Brush the Pekingese coat with a small/medium bristle brush, curry brush, or shedding comb weekly, or as needed. Their hair tangle easily, and you may come across some knots and mats. To resolve them without causing pain, mist the coat lightly with water. Don’t just brush on the surface but all the way down to the skin to take out all the dead hair. Continue to brush along with misting the hair on its body. A metal comb works better on legs and tails because the hair there tangles much easily.
Dry cleaning: Clean the face and the area around the eyes daily with a damp cotton ball. Remove every foreign substance from its face daily. Keep skin folds clean and dry to avoid infections or rashes.
Bathing: Bathe your dog once or twice a month, as needed. The shampoo you use for bathing your Pekingese must suit its fur type. Dry shampoos are also available for dogs.
Trimming: Trim the paw hair and nails regularly. Dog nails have blood vessels in them, so if you are new at it, don’t experiment as you can hurt your dog. Take help from a vet. The hair around the paws can pack dirt or other substance in them that can cause infection.
Teeth brushing: Brush your peke’s teeth at least once a week. Dental hygiene is crucial for dogs. Train your Peke puppy to accept having its teeth brushed. Brushing can prevent dental disease later in life, which is a common problem in small dogs.