Diabetes is a type of endocrine disease that affects the pancreas. The pancreas is responsible for the production of a hormone called insulin, which helps to regulate blood sugar or glucose from body cells for food. When insulin levels are low in the blood, or when the body reacts to insulin, too much glucose remains in the blood, and diabetes.
When dogs develop diabetes, they need to be given insulin by injection and injection. Most insulin treatments are given twice a day daily to help maintain adequate blood glucose levels and to help bring sugar to the cells. Without insulin, the cells die of starvation, and the body receives a signal of food and drink. It is important to seek to control glucose levels as quickly as possible. In addition, dogs can lose a considerable amount of weight, lose weight, and in extreme cases, unconsciousness or even coma.
Overview of Diabetic Coma
Diabetic coma is when a dog’s diabetic attention (aka sense of self and surrounding awareness) is greatly reduced due to the presence of high glucose levels in the bloodstream. Most diabetic patients will have visible clinical signs, which may prompt a visit to the veterinarian’s office for testing and diagnosis. Diabetic dogs often drink heavily, but this is because they lose a lot of water in their urine due to the presence of too much glucose in the blood.
At high levels, glucose flows into the urinary bladder from the kidneys. Glucose attracts a lot of water which is why diabetic pets urinate more than usual. If there are other symptoms such as vomiting and diarrhea, untreated diabetic dogs may become very thirsty, especially if they stop drinking because of diarrhea. This creates a hyperosmolar hyperglycemic condition, which clearly means that blood sugar is very high. When the brain is affected by this, it can change the dog’s cognitive state. Coma is not uncommon but can occur when there is insufficient insulin in the body.
Symptoms of diabetes in dogs
Dogs with diabetes can have a combination of different clinical symptoms. Increased thirst, increased urination, and increased appetite are common symptoms. When cells die of glucose starvation, the body can begin to break down fat and muscle for energy, resulting in weight loss.
Dogs with diabetes may also appear tired at times because their body does not get enough energy. The glucose normally taken by cells for energy will remain in the bloodstream and will not produce the tissues it needs. This can also lead to problems with vital internal organs such as the liver and brain. Vomiting and diarrhea are possible, especially if there are side effects of diabetes such as pancreatitis. Cataract formation of the eyes is also possible.
Symptoms that may indicate the onset of diabetic coma
If your diabetic dog has been diagnosed recently, it may take a few weeks for diabetes to be properly treated. During this time, you will need to look for signs that your dog’s blood sugar is very low. This can happen when too much insulin is given. These overweight puppies may look very lethargic and react less.
With very low sugar, dogs can develop tremors and fainting. This is why it is important to take your dog to a veterinarian if you see this. If you are comfortable checking your dog’s blood sugar at home with a glucometer, you can check his blood when he is weak. Many vets use advanced monitoring systems. The sensors can be scanned with a reader or with a special app and might last up to two weeks. It can get blood sugar levels without pulling your needle with a needle to get a blood sample!
Alternatively, chronic hyperglycemia (very high glucose levels) can lead to stiffness, fatigue, restlessness and depression. It can also cause neurologic problems such as back pain and swelling. Fainting can occur when your dog is in a hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state. Occasional high blood sugar reading is fine, but continuous reading is problematic and can lead to this condition.
Causes of a comma in diabetes
Diabetes comas can occur when diabetes is not properly controlled. Some pets can develop insulin resistance, even if they take a certain type of insulin for a long time. Infections and inflammatory diseases such as pancreatitis can reduce insulin activity. When too much insulin is given, it can cause a significant decrease in the amount of glucose in the bloodstream. When the brain is hungry it is its main source of energy, it can lead to fainting and coma.
Fat is one of the tissues that is broken down by energy when not enough glucose enters the body’s cells. When the body breaks down fat very quickly, the liver converts fats into fatty acids that leave ketone bodies as waste. These are highly acidic, and when they build up in the bloodstream, they can lead to dehydration and damage internal organs.
In cases where there is a certain amount of insulin in the body but not enough to control diabetes, dogs can develop non-ketotic hyperosmolar diabetes mellitus. This means that no ketones exist but the conditions are still under the body. In this particular case, diabetic comas are more likely to occur.
Diabetes can be difficult to control, especially in its early stages. It is important to follow your vet’s instructions when giving food and insulin. If control is not achieved, the risk of diabetic ketoacidosis and non-ketotic hyperosmolar diabetes mellitus will increase. If your diabetic dog is constantly struggling or not responding, contact your veterinarian or emergency clinic immediately!